Diabetic foot problems are associated with poorly controlled blood-sugar levels over long periods of time. As discussed in the previous posts, persistent high blood sugar levels lead to the narrowing of blood vessels. This results in inadequate blood supply to different parts of the body including the feet. The compromised blood supply is translated into poor wound healing and development of ulcers and infections in the feet. When this is accompanied by impaired sensation and numbness due to nephropathy, the element of pain is often dulled down ornot present at all. Hence, the foot condition remains unnoticed and may worsen resulting in gangrene in severe cases. The good thing, however, is that diabetic foot problems are preventable.
Below, we list some tips to help you prevent foot problems related to diabetes:
1. Try to keep your blood sugar levels in range. If you have diabetes and are having difficulty in managing your sugar levels you may want to seek help. Speak to our pharmacists at Guildview pharmacy regarding the management of diabetes. You may book a free private consult or call us at the pharmacy. Our pharmacists will help you achieve your target blood sugar levels.
2. Check your feet every day and see if there is any damage such as wounds, cracks, blister or bruises, etc.
3. See if there is any change in the color of your skin. If you notice any swelling, warmth, or redness, seek help.
4. Wear cotton socks, keep your feet dry especially in between the toes, and change socks daily.
5. Wear comfortable shoes. Try professionally fitted shoes. Another tip is to buy shoes in the afternoon since feet swell up a little as the day goes by.
6. Trim nails straight across.
7. Use mild soap and water to clean any scratch or cut on your feet.
8. If you develop any calluses, ingrown nails, or corns, do not cut them on your own. Seek professional help.
9. Avoid exposing your feet to hot temperatures, such as a very hot bath.
10. Keep your feet moisturized, especially the soles but try to avoid using lotion in between your toes.
11. See a foot care specialist at least once every year.
Our pharmacists are trained in providing education on diabetes. If you have more questions or would like to seek help, book a free consult or just come visit our pharmacy at 4160 Kingston Road, Scarborough and speak to our diabetes educators.